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List of state's biggest trees

The first Europeans exploring present West Virginia saw giant trees of oak, maple, sycamore, hemlock, walnut, and tulip poplar. The biggest of the trees grew on deep, rich soils. Some were big enough to elicit individual notice. George Washington's journal from 1770 describes a large sycamore along the lower Kanawha River measuring 45 feet around the trunk.  
The present champion is a sycamore near Viola in Marshall County, with a circumference of 311 inches, which makes it more nearly 26 feet around. At 117 feet tall, it is not the tallest, however. That honor goes to a towering yellow poplar standing 173 feet tall in Nicholas County.

Following is a list of the largest trees of 25 species common to West Virginia:

American basswood  151 78Jefferson
American beech168 94Fayette
Bigtooth aspen 91123Pocahontas
Black birch 97 94Pendleton
Black cherry189 98Randolph
Black locust173 78Preston
Black oak210 94Mineral
Black walnut202 64Berkeley
Boxelder140 60Wood
Chestnut oak216 96Upshur
Cucumbertree216 25Berkeley
Northern red oak272106Ohio
Red maple144 115Randolph
Scarlet oak211110Jackson
Shagbark hickory 83 94Summers
Sourwood 85 98Wayne
Sugar maple199108Jefferson
Virginia pine125 65Monongalia
White ash205108Mercer
White oak244 89Tucker
White pine140138Greenbrier
Yellow buckeye204130Nicholas
Yellow poplar21388Nicholas

Source: Big Tree Program, West Virginia Department of Commerce

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