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e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia is the comprehensive reference resource for the Mountain State of West Virginia. Based on the best-selling West Virginia Encyclopedia, e-WV offers thousands of articles on West Virginia’s people and places, history, arts, science and culture.

e-WV is a project of the West Virginia Humanities Council.

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  • Marking a milestone Students hold copies of The Parthenon with the news that Marshall had become a university. The governor signed the legislation on March 2, 1961. Read More »

  • Covered bridges There are 17 covered bridges remaining in West Virginia. The Carrollton bridge in Barbour County is one. Read More »

  • State Flag The West Virginia state flag was adopted by the legislature on March 7, 1929 Read More »

  • Maple sugar Maple sap production occurs on warm days following freezing winter nights. Photograph by Dean Michaud. Read More »

  • Right to vote The hard work by groups such as this one, the Women’s Suffrage League at West Virginia University, finally paid off on March 10, 1920, when West Virginia became the 34th state to ratify the 19th Amendment, which guaranteed the right of women to vote. Read More »

  • West Virginia State University On March 17, 1891, West Virginia State University was founded as the West Virginia Colored Institute Read More »

  • Lady aviator Rose Agnes Rolls Cousins was born March 26, 1920. She was the first black woman to become a solo pilot in the Civilian Pilot Training Program at West Virginia State College (now University). Read More »

This Date in History

March 21, 1921: A local jury acquitted Sid Hatfield and 17 others of murder charges from the Matewan Massacre


Sidney ‘‘Sid’’ Hatfield (May 15, 1893-August 1, 1921) was the controversial police chief of Matewan and martyred hero to union coal miners. He was born near Matewan but on the Kentucky side of Tug Fork. He worked in area coal mines until Mayor C. C. Testerman named him Matewan’s police chief in 1919.

In that position, Hatfield in early 1920 assisted a United Mine Workers campaign to organize Tug Fork miners. On May 19, when

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