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Bringing West Virginia to your fingertips!

e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia is the comprehensive reference resource for the Mountain State of West Virginia. Based on the best-selling West Virginia Encyclopedia, e-WV offers thousands of articles on West Virginia’s people and places, history, arts, science and culture.

e-WV is a project of the West Virginia Humanities Council.

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  • Hatfield’s death On August 1, 1921, Sid Hatfield and his friend, Ed Chambers, were killed by Baldwin-Felts detectives on the steps of the McDowell County Courthouse. Their deaths sparked outrage among miners and led to the Miners’ March on Logan. Read More »

  • Wildlife Refuge August 11, 1994, Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge became the 500th refuge in the National Wildlife Refuge system Read More »

  • The Mountaineers West Virginia University football got its start in 1891 when two students raised $160 to buy uniforms and a rule book and recruited players for the team. Read More »

  • Niagara Movement August 15, 1906: The Niagara Movement began a five-day meeting at Storer College in Harpers Ferry Read More »

  • West Virginia State Fair The fair was founded by cattlemen as the Greenbrier Valley Fair in 1921. This year’s fair features livestock competitions, midway rides, and big-name entertainment. Read More »

  • Astronomy August 25, 2000: The Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope, the world’s largest fully steerable radio telescope, was dedicated. Read More »

  • NASA "computer" NASA mathematician Katherine Johnson was born August 26, 1918. Her work was crucial to the Mercury and Apollo space programs, and she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2015. Read More »

  • West Virginia Turnpike On August 29, 1952, a groundbreaking ceremony marked the beginning of construction on the West Virginia Turnpike Read More »

  • Back to school in the Mountain State Find resources related to West Virginia studies in the e-WV Classroom. Read More »

This Date in History

August 18, 1823: John Stuart died

Colonel John Stuart (March 17, 1749-August 18, 1823) was born in Augusta County, Virginia. A prominent pioneer, soldier, and leader, Stuart was known as the ‘‘Father of Greenbrier County.’’ He was a surveyor in the 1769 expedition of Augusta Countians to establish a permanent settlement in the Greenbrier Valley.

At his first residence near Frankford, Stuart built the first mill in present Greenbrier County in 1770. He soon mo...

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