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e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia is the comprehensive reference resource for the Mountain State of West Virginia. Based on the best-selling West Virginia Encyclopedia, e-WV offers thousands of articles on West Virginia’s people and places, history, arts, science and culture.

e-WV is a project of the West Virginia Humanities Council.

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  • Winter Weather The coldest day on record in West Virginia was December 30, 1917. The thermometer dropped to 37 degrees below zero at Lewisburg. Read More »

  • Death of a legend Country singer Hank Williams was to perform in Charleston on New Year’s Eve, but he never made it. He died in Oak Hill the next day. Read More »

  • Capitol burns On January 3, 1921, West Virginia’s capitol building in downtown Charleston was destroyed by a fire. The cause of the blaze was never known. Read More »

  • Elk River Chemical Spill On January 9, 2014, a leak from a chemical storage facility on the Elk River, just upstream from West Virginia American Water's treatment plant, contaminated the drinking water for residents in nine counties. Read More »

  • Winter sports West Virginia is the only state that lies entirely within the Appalachian Mountain region, so it’s not surprising it has some of the best skiing in the East. Read More »

  • Bartley Mine Disaster On January 10, 1940, the Pond Creek No. 1 mine, at Bartley, McDowell County, exploded. The blast killed 91 miners, with another 47 escaping. Read More »

  • Nitro January 17, 1918: The War Department hired an engineering firm to build the DuPont munitions plant in Nitro. Within 11 months, the plant and an entire town were completed Read More »

  • The rhododendron On January 23, 1903, after a vote by schoolchildren, the rhododendron was designated West Virginia's official state flower . Read More »

  • Minister’s mission During the 1980s and 1990s, the Reverend Bernard Coffindaffer erected clusters of crosses in West Virginia and much of the Southeast. Many of those crosses can still be seen along roadways. Read More »

This Date in History

January 28, 1864: Claude Crozet died


Born in France, engineer Claudius ‘‘Claude’’ Crozet (January 1, 1790-January 29, 1864) was destined for a military career. Following his education at the École Polytechnique (1804–07) he entered the military academy at Metz (1807–09) and was commissioned a sub-lieutenant of artillery.

Appointed to Napoleon’s headquarters, Crozet served in Germany and Holland beginning in 1809 until Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo in 1815. The following year he immigrated to the United States and was a...

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