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In 1935, the state Department of Public Welfare established Camp Brock on the campus of West Virginia State College at Institute. Camp Brock was part of a system of camps intended to rescue children of families affected most severely by the Great Depression. The camps were segregated by race. Named for George D. Brock, a professor at the college who pioneered in health education for African-Americans, Camp Brock’s purpose was to feed and strengthen more than 400 children from Black families hardest hit by the Great Depression. The department proposed to build a permanent camp for African-American children in Fayette County similar to Camp Fairchance for white children. In 1937, the legislature approved a permanent facility, later named Camp Washington-Carver, but it was to be a 4-H camp, rather than a child welfare camp, and it was to be administered by West Virginia State College.

This Article was written by Jerry Bruce Thomas

Last Revised on October 18, 2023


Thomas, Jerry Bruce. An Appalachian New Deal: West Virginia in the Great Depression. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.

Withrow, Dolly. From the Grove to the Stars: West Virginia State College 1891-1991. Charleston: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company, 1991.

Happy Negro Children Enjoy Life at State Camp. Charleston Gazette, August 11, 1935.

Cite This Article

Thomas, Jerry Bruce "Camp Brock." e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. 18 October 2023. Web. 16 June 2024.


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