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Irish Mountain


Irish Mountain, located above the New River in Raleigh County at elevation 2,691 feet, was named for the Irish immigrants who settled, farmed, and populated it. The first arrival was Maurice Sullivan from County Kerry, who purchased 435 acres from John Gwinn in 1855. The next year, John Quinlan from County Clare also bought land from Gwinn. During the 1860s, McCarthys, Nees, Dillons, Carsons, and Simon O’Connor settled on the mountain.

In 1876, Maurice Sullivan sold for one dollar an acre of land atop the mountain to J. J. Kain, bishop of Wheeling, for a church and cemetery. About 1877, the settlers cleared the land and built a small log church, 18 by 30 feet, with three windows on either side and a double-door entry with a cross above. They made the family pews, altar, and other furnishings. The church, named for St. Colman, a popular saint in western Ireland, was the first Roman Catholic church in Raleigh County. It was a mission church of St. Patrick’s in Hinton, whose pastors held monthly Sunday services at St. Colman.

The 1880 census listed eight Irish families of 43 persons occupying the mountain. In 1910, there were 17 families and 82 persons listed. After that, the exodus off the mountain began, but the population in the cemetery grew. In 2002, few, if any, descendants of the settlers lived on the mountain, though some retained their ancestral lands. St. Colman Church and cemetery were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. On the night of June 26-27, 2022, arsonists burned the church to the ground.

On April 3, 2023, it was announced that a 963-acre tract of land, including Irish Mountain, had been added to the New River Gorge National Park and Preserve. It was transferred from The Conservation Fund, which had acquired it in November 2021.

There is another Irish Mountain, elevation 3,320 feet, associated with the Irish Tract settlement in Greenbrier, Summers, and Fayette counties.

Read the National Register nomination.

Written by Lois C. McLean


  1. Wood, Jim. Raleigh County. Beckley: J. Wood, 1994.

  2. Jenkins, Jeff. New River Gorge National Park and Preserve now includes Irish Mountain property. WV Metro News, April 3, 2023.

  3. Brown, Leona G. Recalling an Irish Mountain Family. Goldenseal, (Spring 1991).

  4. McLean, Lois C. Irish Mountain. Goldenseal, (Spring 1991).

  5. Index to Deeds & Wills, Books 10, 17 & 29. Birth Records, 1860-1899. Beckley Raleigh County Courthouse.

  6. Baptismal & Marriage Records, 1874-1907. Hinton St. Patrick Church.

  7. U.S. Census, 1860-1880, 1900-1920.